DURGABHAI DESHMUKH

When in 1941, 32 year old Durga graduated she was perhaps the eldest in the passing out batch of Madras Law College. But her years of youth had indeed been well spent in the freedom struggle. In the 1930 Salt Satyagraha Movement at Triplicane beach, held parallel with the Dandi march, Durga actually kick started…

Quit India movement – A damp squib in madras

In 1942 the Congress met in Bombay. The nation was strife with rumours that a mega event of the freedom movement was in the offing and a nervousness on part of the colonial establishment was perceptible. Even the archbishop of Canterbury in his weekly prayer asked people to keep India in their prayers. Gandhi maintained…

When Gandhi rode a Madras bus

Gandhi had a close-knit but somewhat tumultuous relationship with Madras which in over fifty years he would visit twenty times. In 1896 Gandhi first visited Madras and newspapers reported that he ‘read out’ a protracted speech which the crowd at Pachaiyappan hall was patient enough to hear fully. 20 years later and a satisfactory orator…

Individual Sathyagraha movement

“No quantity but quality please. And I assure victory” said Gandhi promoting his latest  method to needle the British empire. The radicals in Congress wanted to launch a mass Civil Disobedience Movement and get everyone onto the streets, but Gandhi insisted on “Individual Satyagraha’. The sathyagrahis had to be approved by Gandhi himself. After serving…

Gandhi in a suit?

Nobody in India had seen Gandhi in a suit. Often criticised as the “half naked fakir” for the lack of attire, many didn’t believe their leader had even worn one. But they got to see it on 23rd August 1940. Around 1937, AK Chettiar a young photographer, while crossing the Atlantic on a ship, observed…